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Soilandwater.com Bugs!® Copper-Bind

Characteristics: 

 Bacterial Count  5 billion CFU/gram
Thiosulfate Oxidation Rate: 1000mg/L/hour
 Appearance  Free flowing, brown powder
 Odor  Musty
 pH  6.5 - 8.0

 

Features and Benefits: 
  • Eliminates hydrogen sulfide gas, and its accompanying odors, and health hazards
  • Eliminates inhibitory effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on nitrification
  • Decreases corrosion of structures and equipment.
  • Salt tolerance: 2 strains grow @ 10% salt, 1 @ 7.5%, 1 @ 6.5% and two @ 5% NaCl.
  • Does not require an external organic carbon source, but can utilize methanol, succinate, butyrate, trehalose, p-hydroxybenzoate and a wide range of other carbon sources if present.
  • Four of the strains will reduce nitrate to nitrous oxide and nitrogen gas, even in the presence of some free oxygen.
  • Produces less sludge than alternative methods.
  • One strain in the formula produces amicyanin, a blue copper-binding protein, that can reduce copper toxicity for other bacteria.
  • Degrades acetic, butyric, hexanoic, propionic, isovaleric and lactic fatty acids.
  • Additional enzymes produced include: lipase, cellulase, amylase, lecithinase, gelatinase, protease, lignosulfonase, ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase and soluble sulfite Cytochrome C oxidoreductase.
  • Safer to handle than chemical oxidizers.
  • Environmentally friendly, all-natural process.
  • Tested and certified negative for Salmonella, Shigella & E.Coli
  • Operates in a pH range of 6.5 to 8.0, with the optimum near 7.0
  • Temperature range 8 deg. to 35 deg.C (46 deg. to 95 deg. F), with optimum performance around 21 to 23 deg.C (70 deg. to 75 deg. F)

 

Application Directions:
This product may be applied directly in dry form, which offers an advantage because dolomitic limestone is included to help maintain proper alkalinity. Spread evenly around open pond, or apply at influent of closed system. If you prefer to hydrate the formula for application through a sprayer, thoroughly mix each pound of dry product with two gallons of warm (approx.70 F) water FREE OF CHLORINE (source water may be used optionally). Allow the mixture to hydrate for two hours, stirring vigorously every half hour. After final settling, carefully pour off the top liquid layer for use, squeeze all liquid from the bran that has settled into the liquid and either dispose of the remaining bran, or toss into the system. One the liquid supernatant is separated, it may be mixed together with any liquid formulas you are optionally applying. Avoid use of algaecides, herbicides, and antibiotics when using Bugs!® Copper-Bind.

When targeting hydrogen sulfide in collection systems: The initial prescription is based upon sulfide or nitrate concentration and retention time. A usual daily dose is one pound per MGD of flow. Five to ten ppm of sodium nitrate is required for each one mg/L (ppm) of soluble sulfide oxidized. If the alkalinity is not above 50 mg/l (expressed as CaCO3), a soluble carbonate, such as sodium or potassium carbonate can be added to meet this criteria. Dolomitic limestone may be used instead with an optimal ratio of sulfur to limestone of 3:1. (We have included 8 to 10% dolomitic limestone in the product, but it is likely that more will be needed). If flow rate is very slow, then application may be reduced to two or three times a week intially, and maintained with dosage once or twice a week thereafter.

When targeting hydrogen sulfide in anaerobic digesters: The initial prescription is based upon sulfide or nitrate concentration and retention time. A usual daily dose is one pound per MGD of flow. Five to ten ppm of sodium nitrate is required for each one mg/L (ppm) of soluble sulfide oxidized. If the alkalinity is not above 50 mg/l (expressed as CaCO3), a soluble carbonate, such as sodium or potassium carbonate can be added to meet this criteria. Dolomitic limestone may be used instead with an optimal ratio of sulfur to limestone of 3:1. (We have included 8 to 10% dolomitic limestone in the product, but it is likely that more will be needed). If flow rate is very slow, then application may be reduced to two or three times a week intially, and maintained with dosage once or twice a week thereafter.

When targeting excess nitrate in CSRT anaerobic plants or wetlands: Dolomitic limestone must be added in a ratio of 1 part of finely crushed dolomitic limestone for each 3 parts of sulfur, which should be added as thiosulfate, unless hydrogen sulfide is already present in the system in this ratio. If applied in an anaerobic batch reactor or artificial wetlands, the ideal hydraulic retention time is 3 to 4 hours to remove 99% of influent nitrate levels as high as 30 mg/L/hr.

When targeting excess nitrate in an open pond: While denitrification can take place in an open aerobic pond or stream, the maximum rate will be 17 mg/L/hr and the retention time should be increased to 8 hours or more. The ratio of 1 part of finely crushed dolomitic limestone for each 3 parts of thiosulfate or sulfide still applies. Two strains in this formula will denitrify even if sulfide or thiosulfate is not present.

 

Packaging And Handling:
Soilandwater.com can Bugs!® Copper-Bind in 1 and 5 pound containers, and should not be frozen!  Store in a cool, dry place. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, or open wounds and wash hands with warm, soapy water after handling. Avoid excessive inhalation.

 

Email our professional environmental science staff with any questions: swc@soilandwater.com